Glossary

By none on July 01, 2008
The NaturallySavvy Glossary is available to define terms and provide expansion and clarity on a variety of related subjects.

Acupuncture

Antioxidants

Composting

Conventional foods

Cleansing

DEA

Digestive enzymes

EFA

Fair Trade

Farmers' Market

Free Radicals

Free range

GMO

Gluten Free

Grain Fed

Greens

Homeopath

Hydrogenated fat

Irradiation

Macrobiotic

Naturopath

Omega 3

Organic

Osteopath

Paraben

Pesticides

Phosphates

Phthalate

Phytoestrogens

Probiotic

Raw Foodist

Renewable resources

Sulphates

Sustainable agriculture

Trans-fats

Vegan

Vegetarian

 

 

 

 

 

Acupuncture: A practice of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). It is the technique of inserting thin needles through the skin at specific points on the body to control pain and other symptoms.

 

Antioxidants: Nutrients found in fruits and vegetables such as Vitamin C, Vitamin E, beta-carotene and lycopene. Antioxidants can help fight disease by protecting cells from free radicals. They work by neutralizing free radicals that are created when body cells burn oxygen for energy. Antioxidants can be helpful by keeping the immune system healthy and reducing the risk of cancer and other diseases.

 

Composting: Controlled decomposition of items such as food and yard waste, into humus. Humus is a soil-like material that is extremely nutrient rich and can be used in vegetable and flower gardens, hedges, etc.

 

Conventional foods: regular mass produced and mass marketed products. They can contain pesticides, antibiotics, artificial ingredients, hormones and chemicals.

 

Cleansing: The removal process of built up toxins and/or debris from a particular organ or body system. The most popular type of cleansing is colon cleansing.

 

DEA: Stands for diethanolamine, a chemical and component of other chemicals often used in the foods, drugs, and cosmetic industries. Most often found in shampoo, it gives them a smooth creamy texture and increases lathering. DEA and its variants are suspected of increasing the risk of cancer.

 

Digestive enzymes: Enzymes are proteins that help you digest your food. We all have a natural supply of digestive enzymes but they get used very fast with cooked and processes foods. Digestive enzymes can help to replenish and boost our depleted enzymes.

 

Eco-conscious - Making deliberate conscious purchase decisions which the primary factors is preservation of the environment and eco-system.

 

Essential Fatty Acid (EFA): The family of unsaturated fatty acids which cannot be produced in the body and are considered essential for maintaining health. They must be consumed (eaten) daily.

 

Fair Trade: a term used to describe a social-responsibility movement demanding that farmers receive fair prices for their products; also describes products that are produced by these farmers.

 

Farmers' Market: Markets usually held outdoors, where farmers sell their produce directly to the public. Products at such markets are renowned for being locally-grown, very fresh, and sold without going through a middle man. Farmers' markets often feature additive-free and organic produce.

 

Free Radicals: highly reactive chemicals that attack molecules by capturing electrons and thus modifying chemical structures.

 

Free range: Usually refers to poultry. The poultry have access to the outside while being raised, although they are not necessarily free to roam and forage outside.

 

Genetically Modified Organism (GMO): organisms (plants, animals or products thereof) whose genetic makeup has been altered by genetic engineering.

 

Gluten Free: Gluten is a protein found in grains like wheat, rye, barley and oats. Gluten-free implies that the gluten has been removed from the product down to an acceptable level or that the product has none of the grains mentioned above. Many people including people with celiac disease are unable to digest gluten and therefore seek out gluten free products.

 

Grain Fed: Animals that are fed diets consisting of high-starch, high-energy foods (grains such as corn or soy) to lower costs and decrease the time to fatten them.

 

Greens: Any vegetable or algae containing an appreciable amount of chlorophyll are considered “greens”. These foods and supplements are taken by many individuals as substitutes for multivitamins.

 

Homeopath: A physician who uses remedies (homeopathics) that come from natural sources and are prepared in such a way that they are devoid of all chemical toxicity. These remedies are given to stimulate the body’s self-healing powers.

 

Hydrogenated fat: Fats (oils) that have undergone a chemical process to alter their consistency. Most often done to enable oils to be solid or semi-solid at room temperature (margarine) the process also improves the products’ shelf life by helping to ward off rancidity. Unfortunately the process yields trans-fats which dramatically increase cholesterol and the risk of heart disease.

 

Irradiation: The process of exposing food, medicine or natural health products to radiation in order to disinfest, sterilize, or preserve it.

 

Macrobiotic: A strict diet based on the principles of low-fat, high-fibre diet of whole grains, vegetables, sea algae, and seeds, that are prepared in accordance with specific principles; said to synchronise eating habits with the cycles of nature.

 

Naturopath: A naturopathic Doctor is an “integrated” practitioner who combines natural therapies and traditions (herbalism, homeopathy, traditional, Chinese medicine, ayurveda, etc.) with modern medical practices such as vaccinations, antibiotics and minor surgery.

 

Omega 3: A class of Essential Fatty Acids (EFA). Omega-3 fatty acids are polyunsaturated fatty acids found in certain fish, and in flax seeds, hemp seeds, walnuts, and canola oil. Such fatty acids are also more prevalent in grass-fed or pasture-finished livestock, compared to those fed a diet high in grains.

 

Organic: Products produced without antibiotics, hormones, pesticides, irradiation or bioengineering.

 

Osteopath: A doctor of osteopathy in which disturbances in the musculoskeletal system affect other bodily parts, causing many disorders that can be corrected by various manipulative techniques in conjunction with conventional medical, surgical, pharmacological, and other therapeutic procedures.

 

Paraben: Parabens are a class of chemicals widely used as preservatives in the food, cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries. Parabens are used as preservatives in many types of formulas because they are effective against bacterial and fungal growth. Some people believe they are harmful to ingest or use on your body.

 

Pesticides: Any chemical or biological agent that kills plant or animal pests; herbicides, insecticides, fungicides, rodenticides, etc. are all pesticides.

 

Phosphates: Certain chemical compounds containing phosphorus which are used in many cleaners and detergents. The excessive use of phosphates is harmful to the environment, particularly rivers, lakes and streams.


 

Phthalate: Chemicals added to plastics to increase their flexibility and malleability. They are also frequently used in nail polish; glues; caulk; paint; and sex toys made of so-called "jelly rubber." They are known carcinogens (cancer causing).

 

Phytoestrogens: Plant compounds which mimic the properties (good and bad) of estrogen in the human body.

 

Probiotic: The classification of healthy (Pro) bacteria (biotic). Probiotics (in both foods and supplements) are intended to assist the body's naturally occurring flora within the digestive tract to re-establish themselves and prevent over population of pathogenic (harmful) bacteria. Common probiotics include strains of acidophilus and bifidus.


 

Raw Foodist: Someone who follows a strict raw food diet. The raw food diet (or living foods diet) consists of uncooked and unprocessed organic foods which are high in enzymes.


 

Renewable resources: Any resource that has the potential to last as long as the sun because it can be renewed fairly rapidly through natural processes. Examples include trees and grasses.

 

Sulphates: Chemical derivatives of sulfuric acid. Sulphates are used in many industries and are in part responsible for acid rain.

 

Sustainable agriculture: Farming practices that do not deplete the nutrient quality of the soil; provide a secure living for farm families; maintain the natural environment and resources; and supports the rural community. Make a difference today!

 

Trans-fats (trans-fatty acids): A type of unsaturated fat. They come from a chemical process known as “partial hydrogenation”. That’s the process of converting liquid oils to a semi-solid form. Margarine taken directly from the fridge is a good example. Trans-fats also allow products to stay fresh on the shelf longer and are made from less expensive oils. Trans-fats dramatically increase cholesterol and the risk of heart disease.

 

Vegan: People who only eat plant based foods: fruits, vegetables, legumes (dried beans and peas), grains, seeds, and nuts.

 

Vegetarian: There are several categories of vegetarians, all of whom avoid meat and/or animal products. The vegan or total vegetarian diet includes only foods from plants: fruits, vegetables, legumes (dried beans and peas), grains, seeds, and nuts. The lactovegetarian diet includes plant foods plus cheese and other dairy products. The ovo-lactovegetarian (or lacto-ovovege-tarian) diet also includes eggs. Semi-vegetarians do not eat red meat but include chicken and fish with plant foods, dairy products, and eggs.


By none| July 01, 2008
Categories:  General

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